Acne scars

Acne affects every one of us at some point in our lives, sometimes at most inconvenient times like before parties, or work presentations.
Acne often appears during early teens or adolescence. It often appears when hair follicles or skin pores on your skin clog due to excess oil and dead skin cells forms comedones.
This bacteria starts to grow on the skin causing inflammation and red bumps

What is Acne?

Pimples or acne grow on the skin when bacteria, oil, and dead skin fill up and inflames pores which are the tiny opening on your skin.
At times it also appears as whiteheads and blackheads. However, sometimes these pores become inflamed and lead to acne.

Acne

Types of Acne

It is present in many different forms. Whiteheads and blackheads are typical and tend to heal more often.
Then there are types that can lead to scarring.

These are:

  • Papules: Pink to red bumps that hurt when you touch them.
  • Pustules: Pus-filled lesions, which are red at the base and white or yellow at the top.
  • Nodules: These are larger than pustules and papules and can hurt more because they extend deeper into the skin.
  • Cysts: Cysts lie deep within your skin.

They are painful and full of pus. This type of acne is most likely to cause scarring.

Acne Scars

Skin is the largest organ in our body. It has three main layers. These layers protect the fragile insides of your body from elements, UV rays, and bacteria.
They also produce vitamin D.
Any area is prone to acne that has a sebaceous gland- especially the face, back, and chest.
Acne scars are the result of blemishes. When a breakdown occurs in the walls of your skin pore, it swells. Some acne blemishes are small and scars are shallow.

However, these shallow scars tend to heal quickly.
Sometimes, the content of the blemishes spill into the surrounding tissue and cause deeper scars. As a result, the skin repairs it by forming collagen fibers.

There are a number of treatments available to remove these scars. Some of them nearly remove the scars while others help the skin heal itself with its own collagen.

Acne Scars

What do Acne Scars look Like?

If you have scarring due to acne, then you are likely to have more than one of the following types of acne.
These are:
Ice Pick: It has a wide shaft that narrows down the tip. It resembles a tool in which there is a hole that is wide at the top and narrows to the point as it goes deeper into the skin.
This is the most common type and also one of the challenging types to heal. You can identify them on your forehead, and your upper cheeks.
Rolling: These scars can be seen on your lower cheeks and jaw where your skin is thicker. The indents have sloping edges that make the skin look uneven and wavy.
Boxcar: These indents have shaper edges and go deep into the skin. These can be seen on the lower cheeks and jaw.
Keloid Scars: These scar tissues rise off the skin. The cause of these scars is the rise of the skin due to collagen fibers.
You can see them on your back, shoulders, chest, and jawline. Moreover, these can be itchy, tender, or painful.

Treatment of Acne Scars

80% of the people between the ages of 11 and 30 years have been affected by acne vulgaris and a vast majority has experienced acne scarring.
This scarring is most common on the face, neck, and back.
While OTC and prescription lotions can do the job, treating acne lesions and post scarring sometimes needs professional attention.

Chemical peel
Fortunately, there are treatments available in both dermatology and plastic surgery offices that can help you heal and improve the appearance of acne scars.
Your dermatologist can use a multi-tailor-made approach to greatly improve the efficiency of the treatment and your final appearance.
Below are some of the best in-office treatments for Acne Scars

  • Microdermabrasion

    This is an abrasive treatment to gently sand the skin with a highly concentrated stream of crystals that removes the thicker, uneven outer layer. Hence revealing a glowing complexion
    Procedure: This procedure includes a handheld device that streams tiny crystals across your skin.
    You will be seated in your reclining chair. In most cases, anesthesia is not necessary.
    Your dermatologist will sand away the dead skin cells on the target area with a device with crystal or diamond particles.
    At the end of the procedure, they will apply moisturizer or sunscreen to your skin.

  • Chemical Peel

    A chemical peel is a strong acid that removes the top layer of your skin to reduce deeper scars.
    Procedure: During this procedure, your dermatologist will tie back your hair and they will clean your face and use eye protection gear.
    Most often, they will numb the area with a topical anesthetic especially if you are receiving a deep peel.
    For deep peels, they will most likely give you an IV and your heart rate will be monitored.
    There are three types of peels and depends on the area of treatment and the type of scars.

    Light Peel: In this procedure, your doctor will apply chemical solutions like salicylic acid. You will have a whitening effect and it will slightly sting.
    Once the procedure completes, they will remove the peel and put a neutralizer on your face.
    Medium Peel: This procedure contains the use of glycolic acid or trichloroacetic acid. It is commonly known as able peel because it will add a blue peel to the chemical.
    They will apply the cold press on your skin while your skin lightens.
    Your doctor does not apply a neutralizing solution on your face but they may give you a handheld fan to cool your skin.
    Deep Peel: The doctor will first sedate you with anesthesia. After a few minutes, they will apply phenol with an applicator on your skin.

    This might turn your skin white or grey. This procedure takes 15 minutes portions to limit exposure to acid.

    microneedling

  • Micro-needling

    This procedure is known for its ability to improve the texture and skin tone. It is one of the best treatments for acne scars.
    Procedure: During this procedure, your doctor will make small pricks using a pen-like tool.
    You are less likely to notice the pricks as these are very small.
    Your doctor will move the tool evenly on your skin so that the new skin rejuvenation is even. Most of the time, the doctor uses a topical anesthetic to reduce the chances of pain.
    After the procedure, they will apply a serum or calming treatment.

  • Laser

    This treatment uses focus light on the top layers of your skin to break up the scar tissue. As a result, new skin cells grow and replace the scar tissue.

  • Procedure: This treatment works in two ways.
    First, the heat from the laser removes the top layer of your skin. As it peels off, the appearance of the scar is less visible.
    As the scar tissue breaks, it encourages skin cells to grow because of heat and light from the laser.
    Therefore, there is an increase in blood flow, and the inflammation decreases.
    Some common kind of laser for acne scarring is:

    • Ablative Laser resurfacing
    • Non-Ablative laser resurfacing
    • Fractional Laser Treatment

    Moreover, the type of laser depends on the target area and the scarring conditions.

    5. Dermal Fillers

    These help to restore the volume and the appearance of scars on your skin altogether especially rolling scars and boxcar scaring.
    Procedure: This treatment begins with a thorough cleansing of the skin and determining which scars need treatment.
    The amount of filler depends on the target area and the number of scars for treatment.
    In this procedure, your dermatologist will inject a needle underneath the scar and the filler deposit until are scars are treated.

    dermal rollers

    Why Should You Choose REPC for Treatment of Acne Scars

    The Royal European Poly Clinic takes pride in giving the best treatment for Acne Scars. We make sure that our dermatologists are efficiently trained to deal with all the cases and types of acne scars.
    We make sure that you get the best treatment for acne scars by providing you before-after case files and testimonials to ensure that we hold a strong customer base.

    Why Choose RECP Dubai?

    We hold years of experience when it comes to the treatment of acne scars. Moreover, at REPC Dubai we make sure to make your experience more comfortable and pain-free to ensure the treatment has long-term effects. We ensure:

    • high-quality service with effective reduction in Acne Scars.
    • highly trained staff that provides painless treatment.
    • adapt tactics that ensure the healing time is faster and short.

Not all of the treatments are painful.
We make sure that our doctors use topical or injected anesthesia to reduce pain and discomfort.
However, you may feel pain for some time after the procedure. But it subsides with time.

The treatments that your doctor will use for your back or chest are not necessary for your face.
Your dermatologist will decide what is best depending on the type and location of the scar.

Yes, you might feel minor discomfort after the fairly common treatment.
Take extra care of your skin after the treatment by applying sunscreen. Common side effects are irritation, dryness, or stinging but they usually subside with time.

The answer to this question depends on the type of scar and the treatment. Your dermatologist will discuss the expected recovery time and precautionary measure to take after the treatment.

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