Do you know that the skin is the largest organ of the human body? It acts as a protective shield against heat, light, injury, and infection. Do you know the different kind of skin disorders?
The skin regulates body temperature, stores water and fat, prevents the entry of bacteria by acting as a barrier.
The skin takes on different thickness, color, and texture all over your body and there are a number of conditions that can affect the skin.
Some of these are common, while others are rare. The most common skin conditions can have similar symptoms, so it is important to understand the differences between them.
There are various kinds of skin disorders that vary greatly in severity as well as symptoms. These disorders can be either permanent or temporary, painful or painless.
The skin disorders are mostly minor, but some of them can indicate a serious issue which can be life-threatening.
Normally, chronic skin conditions are not curable, but they can be managed using medication and by paying close attention to your lifestyle and if required altering it.
Get in touch with your doctor right away if you are suffering from one of the common skin problems listed below.
1. Acne – A Common Skin Disorder
Acne can affect you with any skin type and at any age. However, it is commonly located on the face, neck, chest, shoulders, and upper back. The breakouts on your skin are composed of blackheads, whiteheads, pimples, nodules or deep, painful cysts formations.
The condition occurs when hair follicles become clogged with dead skin cells and oil and can give rise to mild acne to more severe acne, which has hundreds of painful, solid red lumps covering your face or neck.
But the good news is that effective treatments and technology are available to help treat and control any kind of acne.
Acne can be treated with procedures such as laser resurfacing, dermabrasion, light therapy, microdermabrasion, and soft fillers.
Dermatology specialists today offer a comprehensive range of treatment options to help get your acne under control. Mild acne is treated with oral antibiotics and topical gels, creams, and ointments which consist of salicylic acid or benzoyl peroxide.
Dermatologists recommend mild acidic cleansers, chemical peeling, light therapy, microdermabrasion and stronger antibiotics for treating severe acne.
2. Eczema – Skin Disorder Causing Red Itchy Patch
Eczema, also known as atopic dermatitis, a kind of chronic skin condition which causes the skin to become inflamed, dry, itchy, and red. In severe outbreaks of eczema, your skin may become chapped or cracked, scaly, and develop small red bumps.
Eczema flare-ups appear on the hands and feet, elbows, ankles, wrists, face, and neck. Hair loss may occur in the area coupled with the rash and the yellow or white scaly patches flake and peel off.
Mild cases of eczema can be controlled when you can avoid the triggers like low humidity environment, hot showers and baths, harsh cleaners and soaps as well as allergens in the form of cigarette smoke, dust and certain food types.
In case of severe outbreaks, where a large area of the body is covered with oozing sores will require medical treatment.
There is currently no cure for eczema. Treatment for eczema aims to heal the affected skin and prevent flares of symptoms.
Doctors will suggest a treatment plan based on an individual’s age, symptoms, and current state of health. They also recommend corticosteroid creams and ointments of varying strength available as prescription drugs, for reducing the itchiness and redness.
Your doctor can also prescribe systemic corticosteroids available as injections or oral tablets. Topical calcineurin inhibitors, antibiotics, antiviral and antifungal medications are prescribed additionally.
3. Psoriasis – A Skin Disorder having Patches with Silvery Scales
The skin disorder Psoriasis forms red, thick, bumpy patches covered with silvery scales. You can see them popping up anywhere but mostly appear on the elbow, knees, scalp, and lower back.
The disease does not pass from one person to another but at times, it does happen in members of the same family. Psoriasis usually appears in early adulthood and only affects just a few areas.
Only in severe cases, it can cover large parts of your body. Even if your rashes have healed, the chances are that they can come back later in life.
Luckily, today, there are many treatments available for psoriasis. Some conditions might slow the growth of new skin cells in your body, while others might relieve itching and dry skin.
Some of the common psoriasis treatments include steroid creams, moisturizers for dry skin, coal tar for scalp psoriasis, Vitamin D cream and retinoid creams.
Treatments for moderate cases of psoriasis include light therapy, which uses ultraviolet light to slow the growth of your skin cells or the drug Methotrexate to control your liver disease and lung problems.
Psoriasis cannot be cured permanently, but treatment can greatly reduce the symptoms, even in serious cases.
4. Rosacea – A Skin Disorder Causing Redness
Rosacea is a common disorder that will mainly affect your facial skin. It causes redness on your chin, nose, cheeks, and forehead, which over a time period becomes more intense and gives a reddish look.
The blood vessels may also become visible. In some cases, it can also appear on the chest, neck or back. It can also lead to the development of solid red bumps and pus-filled pimples.
Treatments used for rosacea include medications and surgical procedures. In the case of medication, doctors generally prescribe oral and topical medications to treat bumps, pimples, and redness caused due to rosacea.
Medications will help bring your condition under control and keep it in remission. With surgical procedures, doctors can remove visible blood vessels, limit the amount of extensive redness on your face, or can also correct any nose disfigurement in some cases.
5. Lupus – Appear on Sun-Exposed Areas
Lupus is a skin disorder that can affect the skin in many ways. It might cause a rash on your back, thick scaly patch on your face, sores in the mouth or nose and a flare-up which looks quite similar to sunburns.
Lupus formation on your skin can increase a person’s risk of developing skin cancer. Chronic cutaneous lupus or discoid lupus appears as disk-shaped, round lesions. The sores normally appear on the scalp and face but sometimes they will occur on other parts of the body as well.
Discoid lupus lesions are red, scaly, and thick and they neither hurt nor itch. These lesions can produce skin discoloration and scarring over a period of time. Cancer can develop in discoid lesions when they have existed for a long time.
Medical treatment can help you get rid of lupus. You can also protect your skin and use cover-up tricks to make them less visible.
Protecting your skin from the sun’s UV rays is essential as ultraviolet rays can trigger patches of raised sores and even worsen the disease overall.
In addition, try wearing long-sleeved shirts and long pants when you are going out in the sun. Also use UV-filtering, polarized sunglasses and a broad-brimmed hat to protect yourself from UV rays.
6. Hives – Red, Raised, Itchy Skin Disorder
Hives or urticaria are an outbreak of pale and swollen red bumps which appear suddenly on your skin. It may be a result of the body’s reaction to certain allergens or for outside factors like stress, illnesses, or even tight clothes.
These bumps are warm, and mildly painful to the touch and can be small, round, large, ring-shaped or randomly shaped.
Hives might last less than six weeks. The most common causes of this skin disorder could be certain foods, medications, infections, insect bites or some internal disease may also be responsible.
The best treatment for hives and is to identify and remove the trigger that is causing the disorder. But it is never an easy task. Your doctor might prescribe antihistamines to provide relief from the symptoms.
Antihistamines help reduce histamines, thus stopping the allergy symptoms. Try taking antihistamines based on a regular schedule to prevent hives from forming in the first place.
7. Melanoma – A Form of Skin Cancer
If you have any kind of abnormal moles, it may lead to melanoma – a serious, life-threatening skin cancer.
If you have asymmetrical shapes, uneven color, ragged edges, or changing sizes then they should be checked immediately.
Melanoma treatment depends on many factors, like the thickness of the primary melanoma, the stage of the melanoma, whether cancer has spread, the rate of melanoma growth, and other medical conditions.
In case you have melanoma, you might have to undergo chemotherapy, surgery or radiation treatment. Surgery is the main treatment if you have melanoma. If you have a stage 0 melanoma, meaning the tumor has not grown deeper than the top layer of the skin or the epidermis.
In such a scenario, it is treated by surgery by removing the melanoma and a small margin of your normal skin around it.
8. Actinic Keratosis – Spot on Sun Damaged Skin
Actinic Keratosis is also a kind of skin disorder that appears as you get older. Rough, scaly spots start appearing on your hands, arms, neck, face and scalp.
These spots are called actinic keratoses, but they are more commonly known as sunspots or age spots. These sunspots are usually pink in color but can have a tan, brown, or grey base.
They are small in size less than 2 cm or about the size of a small pencil eraser. You will notice a thick, scaly, or crusty skin patch appear on your skin which is exposed to the sun often.
Actinic Keratosis can be treated in various ways. Excision of the AK involves cutting the lesion from your skin.
Your doctor might also choose to remove extra tissue around or underlying the lesion if there are chances of getting skin cancer.
Cauterization is another option wherein your doctor will burn the lesion with an electric current, killing the affected skin cells.
Cryotherapy is another option of removing actinic keratosis. It is also called cryosurgery, a procedure in which the lesion is sprayed with a cryosurgery solution, like liquid nitrogen. The area is frozen, and the cells upon contact are killed. The lesion will scab over and fall off within a few days after your procedure.
9. Vitiligo – Skin Disorder Where Skin Loses Pigment Cells
Vitiligo is a skin disorder in which the skin loses its melanocytes or pigment cells. Due to this, you can get discoloured patches in different areas of the body, including the skin, hair and mucous membranes.
Vitiligo occurs when melanin-producing cells stop functioning. Vitiligo can affect people of all skin types, but it is prominent in people with darker skin.
The condition is neither life-threatening nor contagious. However, it can make you feel bad about yourself or cause a lot of stress.
There is no cure for Vitiligo till date, but treatment might stop or slow the discolouring process and return some color to your skin.
It is widely regarded as an autoimmune disorder because your body is attacking your own cells. The treatments for vitiligo aim to restore color balance to your skin. Some creams, including corticosteroids, can help return color to white patches in the initial stages.
10. Cellulitis – A Bacterial Skin Infection
Cellulitis is a bacterial infection in the deeper layers of the skin. It develops swiftly and can spread rapidly throughout the body. It occurs commonly in the legs but can occur anywhere.
The affected area may become swollen and red, and it feels painful, hot and is tender to touch. Severe cases of cellulitis may be life-threatening and the condition is treated as a medical emergency that requires urgent care.
It is caused by bacteria or fungi which enters the body through a cut or crack in the skin.
If you have early-stage cellulitis, they can be treated with antibiotics. Fever, chills, and red streaking from the rash might be a sign of serious infection requiring medical attention.
Early treatment with antibiotics is usually successful. If you have a mild case of cellulitis, oral antibiotic treatment for 7 – 14 days can be effective.
The symptoms might usually start improving within two days, but it may take longer if the symptoms are severe.
Skin Treatments at REPC
Skin treatments in dubai are growing extensively. There are various options that we are offering at REPC for treating the skin problems.
These mostly include:
Moreover, in order to learn about other skin problems and treatment options, do check our other blog posts covering:
In order to avail the services of best skin treatments, call at our official number and reserve your slot today.